#### (#6) Poplawski Calculates That Matter Expands At A Rate Of 1.4 Times Its Size In Less Than 30 Seconds In A Black Hole

According to Poplawski, the numbers have it. His calculations prove beyond the shadow of a doubt that torsion plays a part in the Big Bang. As matter reaches peak density in a black hole, torsion runs contrary to gravity which prevents it from compressing infinitely to a singularity, as Einstein believed.

Instead, matter "bounces" and starts to expand. Poplawski's calculations show that matter expands 1.4 times its size in less than half a minute, which is how he believes the our universe came to be.

#### (#5) The Quantum Mechanics Idea Of Torsion Explains How A Black Hole Could Spit Out A Universe

When particles spin and interact with spacetime, it creates another property - torsion, or twisting. Poplawski believes torsion is notable only "in extreme environments" - such as those seen in a black hole. So what exactly is torsion? Poplawski likens it to a thin, twisted rod.

If the rod is spacetime, bending it would create curvature (like the gravity of massive objects like the sun), and twisting it would create torsion. Eventually, the rod (spacetime) would be twisted so tightly it would snap out of its twist; the gravity holding the twist in place would no longer be able to resist the strength of the torsion. This would create a "big bounce," flinging the energy from torsion that was converted to matter into a new, baby universe.

"The increasing numbers of particles with spin would result in higher levels of spacetime torsion. The repulsive torsion would stop the collapse and would create a 'big bounce' like a compressed beach ball that snaps outward. The rapid recoil after such a big bounce could be what has led to our expanding universe. The result of this recoil matches observations of the universe's shape, geometry, and distribution of mass."

#### (#10) There Are Other Theories Explaining The Chaos Of Our Universe

Our grasp of the universe - while growing - is still no bigger than the alleged god particle. Theoretical physicists, cosmologists, and astronomers have been grappling with the mysteries of the universe since the dawn of time. Some of these members of the scientific community have come up with some pretty convincing (and sometimes horrifying) theories explaining various phenomena in our universe.

If existential curiosity is your thing, be sure to check out this list on theories about the universe that will keep you up at night.

#### (#4) An Amended Version Of Einstein's General Theory Of Relativity Supports The Idea

Einstein's general relativity describes any and all events in the universe as occurring at one specific point in space and time. Theoretical physicists have long been grappling with combining the theory of relativity, which describes the universe on a larger scale, with quantum mechanics, a theory that examines the universe at its smallest levels, like the atom. By combining the two theories, theoretical physicists would be able to study "quantum gravity," which would help illuminate the mysteries behind certain phenomena, including what happens to matter once it enters a black hole.

While the original theory of general relativity does not support Poplawski's idea, an adaptation of Einstein's theory which takes into account the effects of quantum mechanics does. This adaptation, called the Einstein-Cartan-Sciama-Kibble theory of gravity, takes the important quantum property known as "spin" into account.

Atoms and electrons spin with "an internal angular momentum that is analogous to a skater spinning on ice," according to Poplawski.

#### (#8) There Are Maybe Other Universes Out There That Got Their Start The Same Way

If our universe exists in a black hole, it could be just as easily argued that other universes exist inside their own black holes as well.

However, while Poplawski's theory explains the Big Bang and the origins of our universe pretty succinctly, it doesn't reveal much about the parent universe. Where did it originate?Has it always existed, or did it form just like our universe? In short, how many nesting dolls are there with these black hole universes?

University of California Davis physicist Andreas Albrecht says there won't be an answer anytime soon. "There're really some pressing problems we're trying to solve, and it's not clear that any of this is offering a way forward with that," he told National Geographic.

#### (#2) Poplawski's Theory Limits Singularity As We Currently Know It

Some scientists believe the universe was formed from a speck of matter so small, dense, and finite, that it is beyond anything our minds can imagine. Many of them had accepted the idea of a singularity, or "god particle," as the origin of the universe, but had constantly struggled to defend and prove its existence. Poplawski's theory eliminates that idea.

Poplawski believes these points DO have a limit as to how small they can be compressed and how much they can weigh. In Poplawski's theory, there is no god particle or singularity. Like a snake nut can, anything that is tightly compressed reaches its limit; then there's a "bang" - maybe the very one that started our universe.

### About This Tool

In 1916, the German astronomer Karl Schwarzschild calculated a vacuum solution for the Einstein Field Equations, which showed that if the actual radius of static spherically symmetric star was less than a fixed value, strange phenomena would occur around it, that is, there is an interface -- a “horizon”, into which light can not escape. This value is called the Schwarzschild radius, an “incredible object” named by American physicists John Archibald Wheeler as a “black hole”.

This random generator tool generates 10 entries, introducing 10 theoretical ideas about black holes and the cosmological view, which is very informative and scientifically informed. If you’re a cosmologist or you’re interested in astronomy, you can refer to it.

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